Monthly Archives

March 2014

language, toddlers, Uncategorized, Uncategorized, Verbs

Young Children Use Verbs They Know to Learn New Nouns: Evidence from15- and 19-month-olds

Researchers at Northwestern University looked to see whether children can use their knowledge of verbs they already know to learn new nouns. The participants included thirty 19-month-olds and twenty nine 15-month-olds, and they were acquiring English as their first language. 

The children were shown familiar images (e.g. bird, bottle, cow, dog, horse, spoon) and abstract images on a screen and overheard people having a conversation about one of the images, then they were shown these images again and they were prompted to find the object that was previously mentioned and the researchers followed their eye gaze.  According to the results, by 19 months, infants used their verb knowledge to identify new nouns. Researchers concluded that even before infants begin to talk in sentences, they pay attention to the way new words are used in conversation. They use the rest of the sentence to draw a meaning for the new word (Ferguson, Graf & Waxman, 2014). 

This study shows us that by hearing what an object does (the verb), infants learn what the object is. We’ve talked about “talking to your children” in our previous posts. It is okay to point and say the names of pictures/objects around you, but it is also important for your infants to hear natural conversation. For example, if you take your child to the zoo and point to a lion and tell him/her to look at the lion, your child may not know what a lion is, but if you tell him/her the lion is sleeping, he/she can conclude that “lion” must be the animal that is sleeping.

I tell my kiddos’ parents to use self-talk and talk about what they are doing to their infants. I’ve heard parents tell me that they are embarrassed to “have conversations” with their infants in public. There is nothing to be embarrassed about! At first, it might feel a little odd talking to an infant who can’t talk back about what you are buying at the grocery store, but you will eventually get used to it and it will become a habit. By having a natural conversation with your infant about what you are doing and what is going on around you, you are exposing him/her to so much language. The more language children hear, the more words they will know. Even if they do not seem to listen, you are still exposing them to more language. Use nouns (e.g. bird, dog, chair), but also use lots of verbs in your conversations (e.g. The dog is barking). 

Reference:
Ferguson, B., Graf, E., & Waxman, S. (2014). Infants use known verbs to learn novel nouns: Evidence from 15- and 19-month-olds. 131, 139- 146.

Have a great weekend!

Earth Day, freebies, Irregular Past Tense Verbs, Uncategorized, Uncategorized

Recycle It: Irregular Past Tense Verbs

Happy spring everyone! Though Seattle had a mild winter, I am definitely looking forward to warmer days ahead.

We’ve decided to link up with our wonderful fellow SLPs at Speechie Freebies again!

I’ve put together irregular past tense verbs Earth Day themed packet for you. Irregular past tense verbs are a goal for many of my students. They can definitely be a little tricky for students. I think we can all agree that English is a hard language to learn, more so for those students with language delays/difficulties.

A fellow SLP in my district share these with our SLP group:

The bandage was wound
around the wound.
When shot at, the dove
dove
into the bushes.
The buck does funny
things when the does are present.  

Can you imagine being one of your students and having to decipher what these sentences exactly mean?! I know I had to read these sentences again to figure out the meaning.

Hope you enjoy this irregular past tense verb packet. Be sure to leave feedback on our TPT store if you decided to download.

Click here to download: Recycle It: Irregular Past Tense Verbs

autism, Facial expressions, freebies, Social skills, Uncategorized, Uncategorized

My Emotions and Facial Expressions

One of the most common characteristics of children with autism is the difficulty in reading facial expressions. It is important to teach these kiddos about facial expressions because in order to communicate effectively, one must be able to read facial cues and use appropriate facial expressions. I always start by teaching my kiddos with autism the basic emotions and the facial expressions that go with them. I like starting with “happy, sad, angry, and scared” and do role playing. 

As an SLP, I spend a lot of time teaching kiddos with autism about social skills. We work on facial expressions, body orientation/language, tone of voice, vocal volume, etc. Working on social skills is fun but sometimes difficult. I made a packet that I can use to help teach these kiddos the facial expressions for some of these emotions. Click here for a free printable you can use with your kiddos who struggle with this concept –> My Emotions and Facial Expressions

Here are some sample pages! This is an 8-page packet! 

We are linking up with our wonderful fellow SLPs at Speechie Freebies again! Click on this link for more freebies.

freebies, Irregular Past Tense Verbs, Prepositions, pronouns, spring, Uncategorized, Uncategorized

Spring Vocabulary, Pronouns, Spatial Concepts, and Irregular Past Tense Verbs

The end of the week is near and so is SPRING!! This is my favorite time of the year. I made a language packet with spring pictures for one of my speech kiddos and I’d like to share this with you guys. This is a FREEBIE (8 pages) and I hope you enjoy it! Click here –> SPRING LANGUAGE FUN
We are also linking up with Speechie Freebies this Friday again! Head over to their blog to check out other Friday FreeBEES. 

This packet includes:
-Spring
Vocabulary
-Pronouns
-Spatial
Concepts

-Irregular
Past Tense Verbs
-Spring Coloring Page
Sample Pages:

freebies, Phonological Processes, Uncategorized, Uncategorized

Phonological Processes: Fronting of the "K" and "G" Sounds (K/T and G/DMinimal Pairs)

One of the most common phonological processes is “fronting” of the /k/ and /g/ sounds. Phonological processes are simplifications of adult sound productions that affect entire classes of sounds and there are many types of processes out there. In this post, we are going to talk about velar fronting. This happens when a child says a sound that is supposed to be produced in the back of the mouth, in the front of the mouth. Click here for a 7-page fronting packet with pictures! (FREEBIE)


Examples:
Fronting of the /k/ sound: [tea] for key or [sit] for sick
Fronting of the /g/ sound: [down] for gown or [mud] for mug

This phonological error is common in young children but it should go away by 3.5 years. Speak to a Speech-Language Pathologist if your child is older and fronts these sounds. 

Sample Pages —> 


categories, freebies, spring, Uncategorized, Uncategorized

Spring Into Categories

I’ve decided to combine a few elements of my most recent spring game boards and reinforcers creation with one of our most downloaded freebies on TpT: Spring Into Categories

Categories are a target for many of my students. I created this packet with several of my students in mind. I have many materials that cover the basic categories like fruits and vegetables but I wanted to create a packet that included other categories such as months of the year, foods we eat for breakfast, holidays, etc.

If you decide to download this packet from our TpT store, please leave feedback to let us know what you liked or what you would like to see in future packets. Also if you have previously downloaded this packet make sure to re-download it because I have added some slight updates!

Also you haven’t already checked out this great resource for SLPs– Speech Freebies— be sure to head over to this blog to catch their Friday FreeBEEES link up! I know this was a resource I turned to frequently during my CF year when I was low on materials and I still continue to get amazing ideas and materials from . This amazing SLP community is one of the top reasons Sanaz and I love being SLPs so much!

Happy Friday everyone!