Wh- questions are a big deal! They play a big role in learning and you can never answer them by saying yes/no! Many of our language delayed kiddos have a really hard time answering Wh- questions (i.e. what, who, where, etc.) and they need extra help from their clinicians, teachers, and parents in order to master answering these questions. Wh- questions are a huge part of our daily conversations: “What did you have for lunch? Who sits next to you in the classroom? Where is your homework? Why are you upset? When is your birthday?”
I would say I am currently woking on Wh- questions with about 70% of my kiddos, in addition to their other goals. I have made something that has made answering these questions easier for my kiddos. I really saw a huge difference once I presented this visual to them this past week. One of the parents was shocked at how her son went from not understanding ‘where’ questions at all to correctly answering 5/5 ‘where’ questions I asked him. This works best for elementary school age kids. This is so simple and so easy to make, yet it is one of my most useful materials in therapy. I use it to work on the four basic -Wh questions.
You can make your own Wh- question visual!
1- Print out the picture above
2- Laminate it
3- Put a whole in the middle of the circle and put a thumbtack through it
4- Attach a paper clip to the thumbtack
Currently I am in Florida for a much needed vacation! I apologize that I will not be posting this week on a speech/language related. I will share a few pictures from my vacation so far and give you a little peek into what my life is outside of therapy. I know, sometimes it’s hard to believe I have a life outside of working with kiddos! I’ll be back to my regular posting next week. Have an amazing week everyone and if you are on summer break too I hope you are enjoying your time off!
Happy Summer everyone! I know many
of your kiddos are out of school and you are not really sure what to do with
them this summer. I had conversations about summer plans with families at work
this week and many parents were trying to decide on different summer programs
and activities for their kiddos. If you are trying to look for summer
activities and you do not want to spend $$$ on these activities, let me introduce
to you…. PUBLIC LIBRARIES.
Public libraries offer many free and
educational programs and activities for children such as crafting classes, music and
movement, comic book making, novel making, puppet shows, reading and
writing classes, and even classes on rug making and rock carving. My personal
favorite at this time is STORYTIME for babies, toddlers, and preschools. I have
been library hopping and taking my baby to the storytime for babies and
toddlers and we have really enjoyed it. In this blog, I am going to give you
(parents and caregivers) 10 reasons on why you should give storytime a try if you have a baby, a toddler, or a preschooler. And
if you are an educator, please encourage your kiddos’ parents to check out their
local libraries for these programs. I have been telling the parents of my
little kiddos at work about storytime and they were all eager to give it a try.
What happens at storytime? A group
of parents and children sit in a circle on the floor and listen to the librarian
read stories and sing songs. The librarian leads storytime and s/he has books,
other visuals, and music to go along with some of the books. At the end of the
session, the children get to play and share toys and hang out, and this gives
the parents an opportunity to get to know the other parents.
Here are 10 reasons why you should
take your kiddo to storytime next time you have some free time.
Exposure to books and reading:
Research shows that storybook reading facilitates language development and
literacy skills. Children who are exposed to reading before preschool are more
likely to do well in school and become successful readers.
Social skills: Your children will learn
and practice social skills with other children through observing, sharing, and
Love for reading: Hearing books
read aloud helps your children develop love for books and reading.
Library as a fun place: Your
children will start associating the library with a fun place. You can always
check out books at the end as a reward for your children.
Body orientation and focused
attention: Your children will start to learn how to sit still and pay attention
to an adult other than you. These skills will come handy once they start
Imagination development: Books are
amazing tools that activate your children’s imagination and help them become
Vocabulary building: Stories expose
children to vocabularies that they don’t typically hear in spoken language.
This way they will start learning the vocabulary they need to do well on all
the formal testing ahead.
Introduction of songs and rhymes:
Songs and nursery rhymes will help your children with their pre-literacy
Social opportunity for parents and
caregivers: You can use storytime as an opportunity to meet other parents and
share stories, ideas, etc. You can make
storytime a fun event with other kiddos
or a nice family event.
Using your tax money: Our tax $$ go
to our public libraries, so use them!
Here are some pictures of our kiddos at storytime:
With the start of summer
just around the corner, I thought it would be great to expand on the great post
that Sanaz has posted on talking with your children. I think that the summer
time lends itself to be a great time to really build upon language with your
children. There are so many sites to see and things to talk about with your
One incentive I have in
my therapy room is that if the kids come back with a story to tell me about
playing outside or a book they had read over the summer, they get a sticker to
put on their sticker chart (more on reward chart systems later!). I love to
motivate my students to get outside and be active.
Parents (of the little
ones) often ask me, “How can I work on language with my child over the
summer?”. Well, I think that playing outside with your child is one of the
greatest experiences you can give a child especially in this day and age where
our culture is so technology focused.
To add onto Sanaz’s post
about expanding child language, I’ve made a chart of some words to work on
while you are outside with your children. One of my favorite ways to work on
language, whether it be using words/signs/pictures, is to build in “ready, set,
(go)” into the activity. For example when sliding down the slide, hold onto
your child’s legs and say “ready set”. Wait until they say/sign “go” before you
let go and allow them to slide down.
Ready, set, (go)
Hope this gives you a few
ideas on words to use with your child when playing outside to help promote
their language development!
Last week Christine talked
about the difference between speech and language. This week I want to talk
about articulation disorder, which is a type of speech disorder. An articulation
disorder involves problems making sounds. Sounds can be substituted, omitted,
added or changed. Here are some examples:
Substitution: one sound is used in place of another sound –> tup for cup
Omission: a certain sound is left out –> ool for pool
Addition: an extra sound is added to the word –> doguh for dog
Distortion: a sound is produced in an unfamiliar way –> slushy ‘s’ sound for sand
It sounds so cute when those little kiddos say “wabbit” for “rabbit”
or “dump” for “jump” but if your child demonstrates articulation errors beyond
those of typical development, s/he may need to get evaluated by a
Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP). Speech errors in children are not always an articulation
disorder. Your child may have a phonological disorder, or motor speech disorders
such as apraxia or dysarthria, so it is important to check in with your
pediatrician or an SLP about your child’s speech.
Here is a chart that can be helpful in knowing if your child’s
speech errors are typical for her/his age.
I am not currently treating many kiddos with articulation disorders, but when I do, I love to make learning fun in my therapy room. Repeating the same /r/ or /s/ words can get very boring for our speech kiddos so we always have to come up with ways to make learning exciting. One game that we play a lot is “Chipper Chat.” Kids love it and you can target many different sounds with this game. You can find more details about it here and look up the pricing. It’s a handy game to have as an SLP.
Good evening everyone! (or good morning wherever you are/whenever you read this) The school year is coming to a close and I am finishing up my final week of my CF year. Words cannot even explain how excited I am to be finishing up my first official year of being a SLP.
Well last week Sanaz and I talked with you about language and this week we are going to delve into the topic of articulation. During my assignment this year, I had several young preschoolers with a limited sound repertoire, students with childhood apraxia of speech, or students with just very low intelligibility. One tool that my students have seen frequently in my therapy room is the Super Duper Word FLIPS book. This has been another invaluable tool in my therapy room. Not only are the pictures colorful but my students love being able to flip the pages and I can get multiple repetitions of words! We often play a game where I get to flip a page and the student gets to pick a page to flip.
The population that I work with and this tool inspired me to create a packet for our TPT store which featured 1 syllable words progressing from a more visual or anterior placement in the mouth to placement further back in the mouth or a more posterior placement. I find that starting with sounds that are more visible to produce more success with my “little guys”.
This packet took me several months to make but trust me there are lots of fun things packed in it!
Here are the details:
– 58 pages of fun!
-30 cards for each articulatory placement (i.e. bilabial-bilabial (6) bilabial-alveolar (6) bilabial-palatal (6) bilabial-velar (6) bilabial-dental (11-12))